East Timor Coffee Beans

Region: Asia
Profile: Robust, citrusy
Production: 11 million lbs (0.1% global production)
Global Rank: 43
Varieties: 80% Arabica, 20% Robusta, 0% Liberica

East Timor Coffee Overview

A tiny island nation situated between Indonesia and Australia, Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor, is home to 1.3 million people–about the population of Hawaii. Despite producing just 10 million pounds of coffee each year, it’s actually the country’s chief export.

The 1980s and 1990s saw Timor-Leste wage a bloody war with Indonesia to retain their independence. Following the war, international organizations helped the small country get its coffee industry back up and running.

One of Timor-Leste’s greatest contributions to the world of coffee is the Hybrido de Timor, a cross between Arabica and Robusta that has many of the favorable flavors of Arabica with the coffee rust-resistance of Robusta. This hybrid was crossed with Caturra, an Arabica varietal, to create Catimor coffee, which also is resistant to coffee rust.

Timor-Leste’s coffees come from small lot farms and are wet-processed, producing beans that are sweet with mild acidity and earthy flavors that range from slightly pleasing to overpoweringly pungent.

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About The Coffee Maven
bryan de luca
Bryan De Luca

I'm Bryan but most people know me as The Coffee Maven. I grew up outside Boston, Massachusetts and received my Bachelor's degree in Biochemistry from Providence College. My first introduction to coffee was during my college days, when I used it as a source of caffeine to fuel late-night study sessions, but soon I became obsessed with the chemistry of coffee. How did changes to water temperature or contact time affect its taste? Why do beans from Africa taste fruity while beans from Indonesia taste spicy? I launched The Coffee Maven in February 2017 to explore these questions and help others brew their perfect cup. Welcome to my site, and thanks for reading!