El Salvador Coffee Beans

Region: Central America
Profile: Chocolate, nutty, savory
Production: 101 million lbs (0.5% global production)
Global Rank: 20
Varieties: 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica

El Salvador Coffee Overview

El Salvador was the fourth-largest coffee producer in the world as recently as the 1970s (although that’s 50 years ago now…) but lost its place among the elites for two reasons:

  • Smaller total area than other coffee-growing countries
  • Intense political strife culminating in a civil war from 1979-1992 that broke up many of the country’s larger agricultural estates

Despite being a small country, El Salvador has seven distinct coffee-growing regions:

  • Apaneca-Ilamatepec Mountain Range
  • Central Belt Mountain Range
  • Tecapa-Chinchontepec Mountain Range
  • Cacahuatique Mountain Range
  • Nahuaterique Mountain Range
  • Alotepeque-Metapan
  • Chinchontepec Volcano

The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Mountain Range is the country’s most famous region with peaks rising over 7,000 feet near the Santa Ana volcano. This region has most of the country’s larger farms.

The other regions all have distinct altitudes, soils, and precipitation, which makes them agriculturally unique. However, El Salvador as a whole is distinct from the rest of Central America for producing the Bourbon variety of Arabica coffee, which yields a cleaner, brighter cup.

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El Salvador Coffee Beans: Detailed Review

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