El Salvador Coffee Beans

Region: Central America
Profile: Chocolate, nutty, savory
Production: 101 million lbs (0.5% global production)
Global Rank: 20
Varieties: 100% Arabica, 0% Robusta, 0% Liberica

El Salvador Coffee Overview

El Salvador was the fourth-largest coffee producer in the world as recently as the 1970s (although that’s 50 years ago now…) but lost its place among the elites for two reasons:

  • Smaller total area than other coffee-growing countries
  • Intense political strife culminating in a civil war from 1979-1992 that broke up many of the country’s larger agricultural estates

Despite being a small country, El Salvador has seven distinct coffee-growing regions:

  • Apaneca-Ilamatepec Mountain Range
  • Central Belt Mountain Range
  • Tecapa-Chinchontepec Mountain Range
  • Cacahuatique Mountain Range
  • Nahuaterique Mountain Range
  • Alotepeque-Metapan
  • Chinchontepec Volcano

The Apaneca-Ilamatepec Mountain Range is the country’s most famous region with peaks rising over 7,000 feet near the Santa Ana volcano. This region has most of the country’s larger farms.

The other regions all have distinct altitudes, soils, and precipitation, which makes them agriculturally unique. However, El Salvador as a whole is distinct from the rest of Central America for producing the Bourbon variety of Arabica coffee, which yields a cleaner, brighter cup.

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About The Coffee Maven
bryan de luca
Bryan De Luca

I'm Bryan but most people know me as The Coffee Maven. I grew up outside Boston, Massachusetts and received my Bachelor's degree in Biochemistry from Providence College. My first introduction to coffee was during my college days, when I used it as a source of caffeine to fuel late-night study sessions, but soon I became obsessed with the chemistry of coffee. How did changes to water temperature or contact time affect its taste? Why do beans from Africa taste fruity while beans from Indonesia taste spicy? I launched The Coffee Maven in February 2017 to explore these questions and help others brew their perfect cup. Welcome to my site, and thanks for reading!